Teaching for the 21st Century We offer technology integration workshops each summer in Boston, and we travel to schools around the country and abroad. Our 'T21' program provides cohorts of teachers the opportunity to develop their technology integration skills over a one year period.
, based on some 300 million elementary-school test scores across more than 11,000 school districts, tweaks conventional wisdom in many ways. Some urban and Southern districts are doing better than data typically suggests. Some wealthy ones don’t look that effective. Many poor school systems do.
“know-how, habits, and—crucially—self-knowledge that will help them make the best marriage of profession and personal fulfillmen
Students overwhelmingly report they would recommend a purposeful work infused class (94%), and agree that practitioner-taught courses are a good addition to the syllabus (96%). Ninety-seven percent of employers agreed the purposeful work interns “added value,
liberal arts colleges put “the making of a better person ahead of the making of a brighter person, or a better mousetrap.”
"Steel mills went quiet, the mines where my father and grandfather had worked shut down, factories fled south of the border. Much more was lost in the process than just the jobs; an entire way of life, central to the American mythos, was coming to an end. The available jobs, in fields like retail sales and health care, were ill paid, making it harder for a man without a college education to support a family on his own. I could see this in my own extended family, where the grandsons of miners and railroad workers were taking jobs as delivery-truck drivers and fast-food restaurant managers or even competing with their wives to become retail workers or practical nurses. "
Much more was lost in the process than just the jobs; an entire way of life, central to the American mythos, was coming to an end. The available jobs, in fields like retail sales and health care, were ill paid, making it harder for a man without a college education to support a family on his own.
grandsons of miners and railroad workers were taking jobs as delivery-truck drivers and fast-food restaurant managers
n the new economic landscape of low-paid service jobs, some of the old nostrums of the left have stopped making sense. “Full employment,”
But when I went out as an undercover journalist in the late 1990s to test the viability of entry-level jobs, I found my co-workers — waitstaff, nursing-home workers, maids with a cleaning service, Walmart “associates” — living for the most part in poverty.
They were full-time workers, and this was a time, like the present, of nearly full employment.
If ours is a “knowledge economy” — which sounds so much better than a “low-wage economy” — unemployed workers would just have to get their game on and upgrade to more useful skills.
no one was sure what to train people in; computer skills were in vogue in the ’90s, welding has gone in and out of style and careers in the still-growing health sector are supposed to be the best bets now. Nor is there any clear measure of the effectiveness of existing retraining programs.
the idea that people should be endlessly malleable and ready to recreate themselves to accommodate every change in the job market is probably not realistic and certainly not respectful of existing skills.
bringing their old jobs back, as proposed by Trump, they went for the latter.
“the working class,” they are likely to gesture, anachronistically, to an abandoned factory. They might more accurately use a hospital or a fast-food restaurant
are more likely to wield mops than hammers, and bedpans rather than trowels.
the new one is better represented as a woman chanting, “El pueblo unido jamás será vencido!
Pay all workers better
labor innovation of the 21st century has been campaigns seeking to raise local or state minimum wages.
it’s not enough to organize people with jobs; you have to organize the unemployed
"The economy no longer reliably and consistently transmits productivity gains to workers. The result is that many millions of Americans, in particular less-skilled men, are leaving the workforce, a phenomenon the country has never seen before on the present scale."
The economy no longer reliably and consistently transmits productivity gains to workers.
in particular less-skilled men, are leaving the workforce,
The median family income fell as much during the first two years of the recovery as it did during the two years of the recession itself,
Its ability to deliver rising living standards across the income spectrum is in decline, and perhaps also in question. "This is a fundamental problem,
People can no longer depend on rising wages and salaries when the economy expands
disruptions in long-established connections between productivity and earnings, between labor and capital, between top earners and everyone else, between men and work, between men and marriage.
whole communities--are isolated from work, marriage, and higher education.
Productivity measures the value of the output (brake pads, stock transactions) a worker produces in, say, a day; compensation is a measure of earnings that includes the value of benefits such as health insurance.
But in the past few decades, and especially during the past 10 years or so, the lines have diverged. This is slippage No. 1: Productivity is rising handsomely, but compensation of workers isn't keeping up.
Production and nonsupervisory workers--factory, retail, and clerical workers, for example--saw productivity gains disappear from their paychecks
The problem isn't a lack of the economy producing sufficient income to make everybody's living standards improve--it's that the economy is structured so that the majority don't benefit."
The higher you stood on the income ladder, the better you did; the highest-paid 1 percent of earners soared above and away from everyone else
By contrast, the bottom 90 percent of earners--which is to say, almost everyone
So, productivity is rising, but it isn't being evenly allocated; the top is effectively disconnected from the rest of the spectrum
more are flowing to investors
World War II through about 1980, almost two-thirds of every dollar of income generated by the economy flowed to workers
Beginning around 1980, workers' share began to slide and, in the past decade or so, has nose-dived, to about 58 percent.
went to shareholders and other investors--who provide capital rather than labor
globalization has reduced American companies' ability to raise prices, and thus to increase their workers' pay, without losing competitiveness against companies in, say, China and India.
a larger share comes from ideas and intangible innovations that people like software designers and marketers develop.
Only a minority of Americans obtain four-year college degrees, and yet the economy offers ever-fewer well-paying jobs for men with nothing more than a high school diploma.
Since 1969, the weekly earnings of the median full-time male worker have stagnated,
given that the per capita gross domestic product has more than doubled
high school diplomas have faced worse than stagnation:
Forty years ago, virtually all men with at least a high school degree held jobs.
But a fifth of men with only a high school degree weren't working in 2008, before the recession struck; today, a fourth of them don't hold a job
the decoupling of less-skilled men from jobs.
Less-skilled workers are falling so far behind that they are going to place a huge strain on the social safety net in the coming decades."
That measure, however, overlooks the large and growing population of men who don't work
The median man in America, by this measure, is almost 20 percent worse off than he was four decades ago.
high school degree but no college; their median earnings have fallen 40 percent.
"Women have been up-skilling very rapidly," said MIT's Autor, "whereas men have been much, much less successful in adapting."
brains over brawn
out-of-wedlock childbirth have risen to hitherto unimaginable heights among the less educated.
Marriage is an institution that makes men more responsible in their pursuit of work and in their work-related duties,
Low-earning men are decreasingly able to form stable families.
self-perpetuating class divide
marriage and earnings correlate strongly
Today, nearly half of the low-earning men are single, versus only a seventh of highly paid men.
At the top are families with two married earners, two college degrees, and kids who never question that their future includes a college degree
Liberals emphasize economic forces that are eroding less-skilled workers' ability to make a decent living; conservatives emphasize cultural changes and government programs that make it easier to get by without working.
Get more people, especially men, through high school and college.
Expand federal support for job training
Expand and improve vocational education for those not suited to college
Change Social Security disability benefits so that the program helps people keep working
Liberals talk about increasing wage subsidies for low-skill jobs,
"There's pretty much no precedent" for today's double detachment from work and marriage among low-earning men
In the coming years, the economy will add millions of jobs for Americans with only a high school diploma. But the pay will be pretty abysmal.
With an unemployment rate of 8.4 percent, someone with only a high school diploma is twice as likely to be without a job as someone who has a bachelor's degree.
The jobs that are opening for them them tend to be in very low-skill, very low-pay fields.
the government expects that 63% of all new jobs will require a high school degree or less. That's the good news. The bad news: the pay
According to the BLS, there will be 20.4 million more jobs in 2020 than there were in 2010. About 12.8 million of those jobs will require a high school degree or less. Many of those will be clustered in services.
There will be more work in food preparation, retail, and office administration.
The top 14 jobs for have typical wages under $40,000.
There are a few solidly middle-class jobs tucked in here -- a good salesperson for a wholesaler averages $62,000 a year. An administrative support supervisor takes home more than $50,000 a year. A carpenter makes $43,000. But most of these jobs offer between $18,000 and $30,000 a year.
It's easy to imagine computers taking over more tasks handled now by low-level office workers or receptionists. Online shopping could take a bite out of retail.
" The Wealth of Humans, a new book by the Economist columnist Ryan Avent about how technology is changing the nature of work. In the next few years, self-driving cars, health-care robots, machine learning, and other technology will complement many workers in the office. Counting both humans and machines, the world’s labor force will be able to do more work than ever before. But this abundance of workers—both those made of cells and those made of bits—could create a glut of labor. The machines may render many humans as redundant as so many vintage washing machines."
some economists have said that the oversupply of consumer goods like washing machines may have been one of the causes of the Great Depression.
Counting both humans and machines, the world’s labor force will be able to do more work than ever before. But this abundance of workers—both those made of cells and those made of bits—could create a glut of labor.
The machines may render many humans as redundant as so many vintage washing machines.
There is an ongoing debate about whether technological growth is accelerating, as economists like Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee (the authors of The Second Machine Age) insist, or slowing down, as the national productivity numbers indicate.
I come down squarely in the Brynjolfsson and McAfee camp
I think the digital revolution is probably going to be as important and transformative as the industrial revolution. The main reason is machine intelligence, a general-purpose technology that can be used anywhere
I think this transformative revolution will create an abundance of labor.
In the bigger picture, for a lot of middle-skilled workers, especially men, you have stagnating wages for several decades. Apart from the top 1 percent, a lot of people are having a lousy time.
main way that employers are using people in countries like the U.K. is to use them to do low-productivity work.
Driving is certainly an area where we’ve seen more rapid progress than I would have guessed.
Today, if you have a problem with a car company, you might end up conversing with a bot over the phone.
you also predict that high wages for easily automated jobs will be a big fat target for automation
as these workers become more expensive, you’ll see more interest in the technology that could displace them.
labor-saving technology is most tantalizing where wages for low-skill work is highest
The very rich will still want people, their own personal shoppers and assistants. Being able to retain human labor would be a sign that you’re wealthy.
redistribution creates political pressure to exclude those who don’t belong, who aren’t like the majority.
Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.
This is what makes Anthony Kim and Alexis Gonzales-Black’s new book, The NEW School Rules: 6 Vital Practices for Thriving and Responsive Schools, such a refreshing read and vital contribution. The book focuses on how to help district and school leaders improve their organizational practices to create environments “of growth, excitement, and passion” that ultimately produce breakthrough gains for students.